Sarva Pitru Amavasya is a significant day in Hindu culture, and it marks the culmination of the Shraddh period. This day is dedicated to performing pind daan for pitru shanti, a series of rituals aimed at granting peace to the souls of ancestors.
The Night of No Moon
Amavasya, often referred to as the night of no moon, holds immense significance in Hinduism. The Amavasya before the commencement of Navratri, coinciding with Mahalaya, is known as Sarva Pitru Amavasya. It is a day specifically devoted to paying homage to forefathers and ancestors within the family. This day serves as the last day of the Shraddh period, during which Hindus perform pind daan to ensure the tranquility of their ancestors’ souls. With Sarva Pitru Amavasya, the Pitru Paksha, a 16-day period of homage to ancestors, concludes.
Sarva Pitru Amavasya 2023: Date and Timing
- Amavasya Shraddha Date: October 14, 2023 (Saturday)
- Kutup Muhurat: 11:44 AM to 12:30 PM
- Rohina Muhurat: 12:30 PM to 01:16 PM
- Aparahna Kaal: 01:16 PM to 03:35 PM
- Amavasya Tithi Begins: 09:50 PM on October 13, 2023
- Amavasya Tithi Ends: 11:24 PM on October 14, 2023
Significance of Sarva Pitru Amavasya
Sarva Pitru Amavasya holds special significance for those who do not have knowledge of the precise date of their ancestors’ passing or if they are unable to conduct tarpan and pind daan on other days during the shradh paksh. According to Drik Panchang, “If someone is not able to perform Shraddha on all Tithis, then a single Shraddha (for all) on this day is enough to appease all deceased souls in the family. If death anniversaries of ancestors are not known or forgotten, those Shraddhas can be performed on this Tithi. That’s why Amavasya Shraddha is also known as Sarvapitra Moksha Amavasya.”
It is believed that during the Pitru Paksha, the souls of departed ancestors visit their family without an invitation. While they may bestow blessings upon the family and depart content, it is believed that displeasing the souls of ancestors can lead to difficulties in life, including financial losses, family issues, and other problems. Therefore, for those who are unable to perform shradh rituals for pitru shanti on other days during Pitru Paksha, it is recommended to conduct pind daan and tarpan on Sarva Pitru Amavasya.
Sarva Pitru Amavasya is also known as Mahalaya Amavasya. In West Bengal, it marks the beginning of the Durga Puja festivities, symbolizing the descent of Goddess Durga to Earth.
Dos and Don’ts for Sarva Pitru Amavasya 2023
- If you are performing shradh, it is customary to wear white attire.
- Conduct pind daan near the banks of a river or lake.
- Offer flowers to your ancestors during the rituals.
- Serve meals to respected Brahmins on Sarva Pitru Amavasya.
- Avoid consuming chickpeas, red lentils, green mustard leaves, barley, cumin seeds, radish, black salt, gourd, cucumber, and stale food on this day.