26, February, 2024
HomeLifestyleIndia Tops Southeast Asia in Malaria Cases and Deaths, Climate Change Impacts Highlighted in 2022 - WHO Report

India Tops Southeast Asia in Malaria Cases and Deaths, Climate Change Impacts Highlighted in 2022 – WHO Report

Published on

India emerged with the highest count of malaria cases and fatalities in the Southeast Asia Region for 2022, according to the latest World Health Organization (WHO) malaria report released this year. The report spotlighted India’s substantial contribution, accounting for 66% of malaria cases and a staggering 94% of the region’s fatalities, along with Indonesia.

Read Also | US-China Summit at APEC: Navigating Challenges and Strengthening Climate Cooperation

Globally, the burden of malaria soared to an estimated 249 million cases in 2022, surpassing pre-pandemic levels. Distinct rises in cases were noted in five countries, with Pakistan witnessing a substantial surge from 500,000 cases in 2021 to 2.6 million in 2022. Similar spikes were observed in Ethiopia, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, and Uganda.

Despite initial surges during the pandemic’s onset, 11 countries grappling with the highest malaria burdens experienced a plateau in infection and mortality rates. These nations, aided by the WHO’s “High burden to high impact” initiative, accounted for roughly 167 million cases and 426,000 deaths in 2022.

The report highlighted the concerning influence of climate change on malaria, indicating its impact on the behaviour and survival of the malaria-carrying Anopheles mosquito. Events like the severe floods in Pakistan in 2022 led to a five-fold rise in malaria cases. Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General, emphasized the need for resilient responses to combat malaria in the face of escalating climate risks.

Climate variations pose indirect threats, potentially reducing access to essential malaria services and disrupting the supply chain of crucial tools like insecticide-treated nets, medicines, and vaccines. The report also underlined population displacement caused by climate-induced factors as a contributing factor to increased malaria cases in new areas.

Progress toward malaria elimination was evident, with 34 countries reporting fewer than 1000 cases in 2022, a significant increase from 13 countries in 2000. Additionally, Azerbaijan, Belize, and Tajikistan were certified as malaria-free, while more countries are on track to achieve elimination in the near future.

Read Also | COP28 – Urging Fossil Fuel Industry Action Amidst Climate Crisis

The report highlighted achievements like the phased introduction of the first WHO-recommended malaria vaccine, RTS,S/AS01, and the recent recommendation of a second vaccine, R21/Matrix-M. The availability of two vaccines is anticipated to bolster supplies and facilitate widespread deployment across Africa.

Latest articles

Celebrating World NGO Day: Insights into Date, History, and Significance

World NGO Day, observed on February 27 annually, stands as a global acknowledgment of...

Sweden’s NATO Membership: A Game-Changer in Geopolitics

In a significant geopolitical shift, Sweden's bid for NATO membership is on the verge...

Paytm Stock Surges as RBI Directs NPCI to Review TPAP Application

In a significant turn of events, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has instructed...

More like this

Astrology Insights: Navigate Your Day with Astrological Predictions for February 26, 2024

Unlock the mysteries of your day with Pandit Jagannath Guruji's expert astrological predictions for...

Effective Weight Loss Strategies: Avoid These 5 Common Mistakes for Faster Results

Embarking on a weight loss journey as a beginner can be both exciting and...

Lemon Magic – Creative Ways to Transform Used Citrus into Household Marvels

Lemons, with their invigorating aroma and tangy taste, are culinary companions that bring a...
Enable Notifications OK