Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease targeting joints, causing pain, swelling, stiffness, and loss of function. Unlike Osteoarthritis, which results from natural wear and tear, RA lacks definitive causes and a cure. To spread awareness about its symptoms and treatments, World Arthritis Day is observed on October 12.
The primary indicator of Rheumatoid Arthritis is joint pain, according to Mayo Clinic. Individuals experiencing such pain should promptly seek medical attention for diagnosis to prevent complications such as extreme fatigue, fever, and loss of appetite. The disease, if not addressed early, can affect various joints and lead to complications in the heart, lungs, kidneys, eyes, skin, nerve tissue, bones, and blood vessels.
Mayo Clinic reports that Rheumatoid Arthritis predominantly affects women, and those with a family history of the disease are more likely to inherit it. Overweight individuals are also at a higher risk. The severity of the disease determines the treatment approach, emphasizing the significance of early-stage diagnoses for better treatment prospects.
Studies suggest that mothers introducing milk appropriately to their infants may reduce the risk of developing Rheumatoid Arthritis. Additional preventive measures include quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, and regular exercise. World Arthritis Day and similar awareness campaigns play a crucial role in mitigating the impact of Rheumatoid Arthritis by encouraging timely medical intervention, adopting a healthy lifestyle, and understanding genetic predispositions associated with the disease.
As ongoing research provides further insights into Rheumatoid Arthritis, the medical community continues to explore preventive measures and effective treatments for those affected by this autoimmune condition.